Welcome to our Resource Centre

Easily access all corporate marketing materials like brochures, case studies, position papers, data sheets and application notes.

Are Telecom Universal Service Funds Outdated?

This paper examines the arguments on either side of the issue and takes the position that USFs continue to have relevance, if managed properly.

Digital Villages - India's Next Powerhouse

The Digital India program envisions connectivity upto the Gram Panchayat level. VNL can help extend its reach beyond, to the level of connected, Digital Villages.

Telecom Universal Service Funds

A Universal Service Fund functions somewhat like a Robin Hood, collecting from those who ought to act responsibly, but don't, and give to those who need it most, but don't get. In practice, though, USFs in different countries end up taking many different forms and personalities.